Friday, May 29, 2020
How Blacks were Discriminated and Relegated to Second Class Citizenship and Servitude after the Civil War (Essay Sample) Content: Race and MinoritiesStudentÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬s NameInstitutional AffiliationRace and Minorities1. How Blacks were Discriminated and Relegated to Second Class Citizenship and Servitude after the Civil War (1860-1865)History casts a gloomy shadow on the whole issue of black assimilation in America. According to Rose (1997), for several decades after the civil war, the blacks in America were discriminated upon, majorly through oppression and exploitation, basically by the color of their skin. For instance, in post-Revolutionary America, commonly known as the era of freedom, which started in the mid-1780s, the blacks were entirely excluded. They were regarded and treated as lesser human beings. As a result, they experienced discrimination in several aspects of their lives. In the view of Steinberg (1989), slaveryÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬s birthright of social inequality has persevered in American society even after 120 years succeeding post-civil war that served to liberate slavery, a form of discrimination in America.Legally omitted from the white world, the blacks were compelled to establish their own political, social, and economic institutions. For instance, the blacks went to high-poverty schools compared to their counterpart whites (Rose, 1997). As a result, they were subjected to less superior curriculum and had tutors who had little academic expectations from them. This in turn, negatively impacted their academic attainment.The blacks also had little or no access to health care. Those who accessed it received poor quality health care. Moreover, the experiences of some incidents of discrimination evoked psychic distress that badly affected their health (Steinberg, 1989). Moreover, they were subjected to stereotypes that majorly intimidated their psychosocial environment and discriminated their living conditions. In an attempt to build a solid ethnic base in the black community, the blacks created a whole new identity, the African American identity.2. The "Jewish P roblem" in American Higher EducationIn the history of higher education in American, the Jews have not only been marginalized but also discriminated. During and after the First World War, American Jewry students were victims of anti-Semitism and most of the esteemed schools restricted Jewish enrolment in the 1920s (Steinberg, 1989). For instance, some Jewish students in Harvard did not consider admitting the Jewish students. The Jews were mostly resented in higher education. By 1919, approximately 80% of city college students and New York's Hunter were Jews. At Harvard, the number of Jews in tripled to approximately 21% by 1922 from roughly 7% in 1900 (Rose, 1997). The Jews were majorly considered competitive, willing to excel academically, but less interested in co-curricular activities like organized sports. Consequently, non-Jews accused these students of being socially unskilled, clannish, and unable or unwilling to fit in. Rose (1997), argues that according to the non-Jews, enro lling a higher population of Jewish students had the effect of ruining the college by causing elite non-Jews students to transfer to other schools. Harvard school, for instance, would not be ruined because of the incoming bad character of the Jews, but because the coming in of many Jews students would mean they would readily mingle with the rest of the students, and this was considered improper (Steinberg, 1989). This mingling could only be prevented by imposing strict restrictions and quotas. In 1922, the Jewish student population in Harvard was limited by a secret attempt to impose a quota. The committee of admission in Harvard was asked to only admit non-Jews and to impose relatively higher standards for admission for the Jewish students who were joining as freshmen.3. The Nature of PrejudicePrejudice and discrimination normally go hand in hand. However, this is not always the case. Sometimes individuals can be prejudiced but not discriminate (Steinberg, 1989). Similarly, at time s individuals might not be prejudiced but still discriminate. Robert Merton, a sociologist, created a model that shows the relationships between discrimination and prejudice, and how they can vary. In his four groupings, Merton categorized people by how they reject or accept the American doctrine, that is, the right to equitable access to freedom, opportunity, and justice, regardless of religion, race, or ethnic origin (Rose, 1997). His first category of people is the unprejudiced non-discriminator. The majority of people in this group are activists who do anything possible to reduce both discrimination and prejudice in society. His second group of people is the unprejudiced discriminator. Individuals in this group may back efforts to keep off the minorities in their neighborhood due to fear of its deterioration (Rose, 1997). These individuals often feel shame and guilt since they act against their beliefs.The prejudiced non-discriminator is MertonÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬s third group. Accordin g to Steinberg (1989), this category of individuals believes in several stereotypes about others and often feel hostility towards them. However, they remain silent in the presence of people who are more tolerant. Lastly, Merton describes the prejudiced discriminator. According to him, people in this category experience no conflict between behavior and attitudes. (Steinberg, 1989). They not only express their beliefs openly but also practice discriminate. Moreover, they defy the law when necessary.4. Effects and Reactions of Discrimination on Ethnic and Racial MinoritiesDiscrimination can drastically affect racial or ethnic minorities. It can determine the groupÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬s life chances and living conditions, thereby affecting areas like employment, education, health, and housing. Discrimination can affect health in a number of ways. First, it can lead to differences in the quality and access to quality of health care. Secondly, the experience of certain incidents of discriminating t reatment by ethnicity or race can cause psychic distress as well as other change...
Saturday, May 16, 2020
In class this semester, weÃ¢â¬â¢ve spent a particularly long time defining and addressing the problems associated with rape culture. Rape culture can be defined as Ã¢â¬Å"a culture in which dominant cultural ideologies, media images, social practices, and societal institutions support and condone sexual abuse by normalizing, trivializing and eroticizing male violence against women and blaming victims for their own abuseÃ¢â¬ (Huffington Post). Rape culture can be as simple as a T.V. commercial or as complex as a rapist blaming the victim for Ã¢â¬Å"asking for itÃ¢â¬ and everything in between. Rape culture is something that effects everyone; not just women, but men too. IÃ¢â¬â¢m really glad that we were given the opportunity to spread the word throughout the community;Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Besides constructing a poster that SAFE Against Violence displayed in the community, we also conducted a survey. We believed as a group that the most effective way to raise awarene ss about gender roles and rape culture was to be interactive within our own circle of people we knew and talked to on a daily basis. We took a different route with the survey. Being that itÃ¢â¬â¢s 2015, we are in an age of Facebook, Twitter, Yik Yak, etc., so we figured the most effective way of reaching people would be through email and the internet. We built a 14 question survey on basic gender 2 role topics. The survey was sent to many of our friends, classmates, teammates, and even family members. Some of the survey questions included Ã¢â¬Å"Men/Women are happiest in careers when?Ã¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"The most difficult emotion for a Woman/man to display is?Ã¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"Men/Women are most likely to compete over?Ã¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"As a man/woman, I was always taught to?Ã¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"Women feel pressured on the job when?Ã¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Men/Women tend to get angry about.Ã¢â¬ Each question on the survey was gender specific; that way would we got to really see how the person we were surveying felt about gender roles, whether they knew it or not. Their survey answers would be directly emailed to us and they had the opinion of putting their name on the survey or not. At this point we could reflect on the individualÃ¢â¬â¢s responses and reply accordingly. For instance, something I ripped offShow MoreRelatedRape : Taking Down Rape Culture1448 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesTaking Down Ra pe Culture No matter where one goes there will always be rape that both men and women suffer from. Sometimes how the media and others portray rape make it seem like itÃ¢â¬â¢s not that big of a deal. We all, at times, blame the victim, so then we can feel more in control of our lives by saying Ã¢â¬Å"Rape will never happen to me because I would never do this or I would never do that.Ã¢â¬ With men, people usually say, Ã¢â¬Å"Wow, did you see what she looks like? He should be happy they had sex.Ã¢â¬ What I proposeRead MoreEssay about The Effects of Rape Culture in Modern Society 1107 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesfreedom of expression, statistics show rape and sexual assault numbers have risen due to the presence of rape culture in modern society. Rape culture promotes more assaults and violent acts, not only towards women but also towards men. Some evidence rape culture is present in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society are rising statistics showing that only three out of a hundred rapists see jail time and t hat over 17 million American women are victims of sexual assault every year. Rape culture is seen in every aspect of daily AmericanRead MoreVictim Blaming By The Canadian Resource Center For Victims Of Crime1212 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesportrays the victims, and it promotes rape culture; therefore, victims tend to blame themselves, and the offender is less likely to be held responsible. Victim Blaming can be dangerous because victims are less likely to come forward or even report a crime.This is more typical for male victims. According to the Southern Connecticut State University Sexual Assault Facts, Ã¢â¬Å"Men face many of the same barriers as women that prevent them from reporting abuse, but also face a different kind ofRead MoreMedia Makes The Rape Culture More Deadly1257 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMcKenna Rex Ms. Chambers Adv. English 10 6 November 2015 Media Makes the Rape Culture More Deadly There are many things that go unspoken and put out of mind about until the worst happens, like mass shootings, fatal disease outbreaks, and natural disasters. At that point, a conversation begins about the safety and well being of others. Why is it not talked about without an incident in the public limelight? Our present media thrives on writing about the suffering of others, and become forgetful whenRead MoreThe Prevalence Of Sexual Assault On College Campuses1371 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Prevalence of Sexual Assault on College Campuses Ã¢â¬Å"Nobody owes you sex, ever; and no means no.Ã¢â¬ Maya Yamanouchi Embrace your Sexual Self; A Practical Guide For Women Students enter college with the anticipation that the next four years of their lives will be a chance to start fresh, to achieve their professional goals, and to develop new relationships. In reality, the college campus is not the safe haven that most incoming freshmen are led to believe. Students are unaware of the dangers lurkingRead MoreThe Effects Of Domestic Violence On Domestic Abuse1340 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages1301 Lacina-Taylor 2 December 2014 Stop The Abuse Underreported and underestimated, domestic abuse rips families apart every single day. Domestic violence comes in mainly five different forms, physical, sexual, psychological, emotional, and economic. This violence ruins families, demoralizes the victims, and the public downplays the household terrorism that goes on every day. Generally thought of as taboo, the public belittles and humorizes domestic abuse as a way to deal with it, that avoidance mustRead MoreThe Realities of Rape Essay1680 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesostracized, and overwhelmed. Your physical injuries are nothing compared to the pain that dwells in your heart. This is the story of the Central Park jogger, and this is the reality of rape. Rape is when someone forces you to take part in sexual activity of any kind if you have said no and do not consent. Date rape is when someone you know through social connections forces you into sex. It doesnt have to just be intercourse, it could be oral sex or anal sex. Penetration can be from a bodyRead MoreRape Culture And Its Effect On Society Essay1342 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesRape Culture is Internalized in Our Society Society has normalized rape culture. In our society, victims of sexual assault are blamed for their own assault, while those that assaulted them are often given reassuring words. However, in our society, rapists are often times excused for their actions while actual victims of sexual assault are scrutinized. Rape culture is internalized in our society from a young age through the normalization of sexualizing women, the excusing of rapists and the blamingRead MoreSocial Learning Theory And Cognitive Theories Of Learning1146 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesbelittling of women, and sexual objectification of women, the social exclusion of women, sex discrimination, patriarchy, and violence against women. Sociologist Allan G. Johnson argues that misogyny is an important basis for the oppression of females in male-dominated societies, and can range from jokes, pornography, and sexual violence. A large group of Sociologist agrees that misogyny also exists in and is practiced by women against other w omen or even themselves. Child abuse violates the trust atRead MoreEssay about Rape Culture: Are Women Asking for It?1698 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSmithÃ¢â¬â¢s Encycolpedia of Rape defines the term Ã¢â¬Å"rape cultureÃ¢â¬ as Ã¢â¬Å"one in which rape and other sexual violence against women . . . [is] both prevalent and considered the normÃ¢â¬ (174). Rape is not a new subject in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society, its origins reaching far back into history. What causes rape, though? Is it the primal drive of men to exhibit dominance over all women, or do the women share the blame because of the way they dress, act, or do their makeup? Modern American culture would place the blame on
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The class structure in China at the beginning of the PRC was built on the idea that was brought up by Mao. He believed that Ã¢â¬Å"the peopleÃ¢â¬ of the whole country could be divided into the following classes: the working class, the peasantry, the petty bourgeoisie and the national bourgeoisie (60). Other than the Ã¢â¬Å"peopleÃ¢â¬ , there were also Ã¢â¬Å"the running dogs of imperialismÃ¢â¬ , which included the old landlord class and bureaucratic bourgeoisie, and also, the KMT reactionaries (59). Obviously, the 80% of the countryside people formed the dominating class in China, which was also what the CCP wanted to take advantage of Ã¢â¬â by having a united front (59), which based on the alliance of workers and peasants (58), attracting the petty and national bourgeoisie, the government expected to utilize all the elements of urban and rural capitalism (59). However, the new-founded country also met several crises regarding their ambitious goals: the territorial unificat ion (64), the lack of material prerequisites for socialism (107), unemployment and the economic backwardness (104, 114, 156), the workers did not share a large political role as the CCP expected (117), the growing power of Party bureaucrats (123), and finally, MaoÃ¢â¬â¢s political role and his personal hero worship (164). As mentioned, the government wanted to only expel the imperialism and the reactionaries; however, the goal was not to eliminate all the capitalism since Mao clearly understood that it was necessary for the government to makeShow MoreRelatedThe Metropolis Effect On Individuality1315 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesto a blasÃ © mind set, an apathetic outlook to that which is happening around them. This blasÃ © attitude is a necessary response against the threat of individuality. This blasÃ © outlook can often be associated with other behaviors that manifest in an urban setting. Take New York City for example. New Yorkers have a reputation of being rude, unfriendly, impatient, always in a rush, too busy to make eye contact with others, too busy to care if you re famous, and so on. Perhaps these stereotypes are aRead MoreThe Health Situation in China1207 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesHealth Situation in China A health care system refers to the comprehensive organization, structures and strategies through which Medicare and health care is made available by the government to its citizens. A health care system is a product of countries politics. It is a nations system of governance that will dictate upon the most convenient model of health care to adopt. There is no universally acceptable method, and in adopting each; a government has to take into account a variety of factors,Read MoreThe Influx of Changes in Chicago During the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Century844 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesIn the late Nineteenth and early Twentieth Century, America was dominated by change. Expansion, urbanization, immigration, and capitalism swept the nation from coast to coast affecting every class, race and religion. The United States economy changed dramatically, as the country transformed from a rural agricultural nation to an urban industrial giant, the leading manufacturing country in the world. As this economic growth proliferated, Chicago was the epicenter in America. Travelers from EuropeRead MoreEconomists Estimate Wealth And Poverty1736 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesnot authorized and not fit for habitation; government assistance programs, such as Medicaid, Food Stamps, and Medicare, ensure at least satisfactory levels of health care and nutrition; and public education is mandatory for children. In America, the rural areas are falling, because of median household income, declining employment, and rising poverty, as well as shrinking labor opportunities. And the quality of life for these areas getting worse and worse. It s arguable that poverty of any type is unacceptableRead MoreColonialism And Post Colonialism By Ania Loomba886 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesregards. Although that most of the countries that were in one point of their history colonized by a western nation are freed now, they are facing a new type of domination: the domination through the economic system. In most of the cases some form of capitalism. Most of the development of the western nation are due to cheap (or free) labor and production factors that were obtained through violence from the colonized nations. Could it possible for US to develop the cotton industry without slavery? CouldRead MoreThe Migration Of Australia, The San / Ju / Hoansi And The People Of Chinas Urban1690 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Aboriginals of Australia, the San/JuÃ¢â¬â¢/Hoansi and the people of ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Urban VillagesÃ¢â¬ have all undergone similar forces that have shaped the outcome of these specific cultureÃ¢â¬â¢s progress into modern times. Wither it be the shifting government polices around these cultures, the changing economic developments influenced by these polices or the patterns of migration and relocation that are both effecting and being effected by both of these elements, the development of a culture is ongoing andRead MoreSocial Interaction And The Social Aspect Of The Human Mind133 3 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesof the human mind. Simmel develop his idea through the perspective of symbolic interaction of urban sociology. Both sociologist focus on the inter social aspect of the human life. George Herbert MeadÃ¢â¬â¢s theory of the Ã¢â¬Å"I and the MeÃ¢â¬ claims that people are an object to the audience due to the emergence of the perspective of the others. The self is recognized as a social object set by our social structure and behavior. Mead divided the self into two separate parts. The Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬ is known as the actorRead MoreThe Debate Between Capitalism And Socialism1580 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThis topic has been the most argued and debated for the longest time, for this reason it is very important. However, in order to debate between Capitalism and Socialism, it is necessary to understand what the differences, advantages, and disadvantages are of both systems. In the dictionary it states capitalism is an economic and political system in which a country s trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state. Socialism is a social and economic systemRead MoreAnalysis Of Yasheng Huang s Article How Did China Take Off? Essay2196 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesthe financial and political liberalisation policies that took place in rural areas under Deng Xiaoping. He then moves to the crux of his article Ã¢â¬â the emergence and massive impact rural private VTEs (Village and Township Enterprises) made to Chinese economic growth in the 1980s. VTEs were small, non-farm enterprises that were created in rural China after reforms. He finally charts the subsequent decline of private VTEs with rural areas, answering why before looking at the ramifications for ChineseRead MoreThe Ideal Family Has Changed Considerably Throughout Time Changing Attitudes Towards Gender And Roles1553 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesindustry and commerce. This is based on the modem requirement for skilled workers to locate themselves where the jobs are are. The nuclear family enables and supports the mobility required for capitalism and wealth creation. Upon family relocation for work reasons, the worker brings with them the support structures in herent in the family that enable them to go off to work in a new town or city safe in the knowledge that their transported household is still there to support them. The idealised nuclear
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
2 Xtreme Essay Tricks to try!:Snowboard Triangle, Square, X, OMountain bikeX, square, triangle, OX, O, Square, TriangleSkateboardTriangle, X, Square, OIn-line skate O, Square, X, TriangleAce Combat 2You can do anything you want!:Music TestComplete the game with a rank higher than First Lieutenant. A selection for music player mode will appear in the options menu. Press L1 or L2 to jump to the next track, R1 or R2 to jump to the previous track, Circle to select a track, Select to toggle the screen, and Square, Triangle, or X to quit. Free Mission ModeComplete the Kingpin mission. A Free Mission option that allows any mission to be played will appear at the opening menu. View All AircraftComplete the game with a rank of General. Lock Replay ViewHold Square during a replay to lock the camera. Alternate Mission Map ViewHighlight the Mission option on the mission selection screen, and press Select. XFA-27 FighterComplete the game under normal difficulty. Play the game again under hard difficulty and rea ch the low altitude surprise attack mission (Dead End). Locate and destroy the four YF-23As in the special Fox Force Four squadron south of the target. A medal and the XFA-27 will be awarded on the debriefing screen. Adidas Power SoccerThe #1 Team, that rocks all:In the options menu Press: L2 , R2 , Square, X Advanced soccer techniques:These moves should help you tremendously during a soccer match: Legend:T = TriangleS = SquareO = CircleX = XBack Flick: O + TBack Heel: S + X Power Shot: T + X Pull Shirt: T + O (defense only) Karate Kick: S + X (defense only)Two-Handed Push: T + X (defending)Female Commentator:Go to arcade mode, highlight the commentator option, and press the Circle and Square. Adventures of LomaxAllows for players to skip levels:Press: Down, Start, Up (PRESS HOLD), Left 1 (PRESS HOLD),Triangle Circle, X, Square. A number should have appeared to the left of Lomax). Now to skip a level (PRESS HOLD) to skip a level: UP, Left 1, SELECT START. You can now enable the Cheater Chopper cheat! Take flight at will:You can only access this code after youve accomplished the Level Skip Cheat. Once in Helicopter Mode: Select the chopper, then press LEFT 1 ; SQUARE to fly around the levels. Andretti RacingBring up a menu of secret options for modifying your car on the fly:While racing, pause game, and select race strategy. Now press and hold L1+L2+R1+R2+X+O+Select. Armored CoreDifferent camera views:Fixed Camera:You can switch to a fixed camera angle by pressing Circle + X + Start. Mech View:To switch to first-person view during play, press Triangle + Square + Start at thesame time then unpause the game. To return to third-person view,just pause the game then unpause it. Auto DestructLevel Codes:2nd level: gSMTkJBVm3rd level: gSMTJfYsZ4th level: gqBJCkLmv5th level: gvBKYgfNv6th level: fnFKgdHNr7th level: fnFKfdHNf8th Level: fnBVgqHNrlast level: rrJTfSFTrActivate Blood mode, Angel mode, and tons of other cheats.:During play, pause the game and press Up, Do wn, Left, Right, Down, Right, L1, R1, R1 to gain access the Cheat Menu. Fromthere input any one of the following codes for the desired effect. Blood Mode: Press L1, Down, R1, Left, L1, Right, R1Angel Mode: Activate Blood Mode, then press Up, R1, Down, L1, Up, Left, R1, Right, L1. Extra Tune: Press DOWN, L1, L1, O, O, R1, UP, SQUARE, L1 Invulnerability: Press L1, L1, L1, L1, LEFT, O, O, SQUARE, L1 Next Mission: Press L1, RIGHT, DOWN, LEFT, UP, R1 Tune Up Menu: Press L1, R1, L1, UP, DOWN, O, DOWN, RIGHT, LEFT, SQUARE, R1Car Select (from Tune Up menu): Press LEFT, R1, RIGHT, R1, LEFT, R1, RIGHT, R1 All Time Trials: Press R1, L1, O, LEFT, O, O, RIGHT, L1, O Mission Select: Press UP, DOWN, O, L1, R1, L1, O, UP, DOWN More Cash: Press L1, R1, UP, O, DOWN, SQUARE, LEFT, R1, L1 More Nitros: Press L1, O, DOWN, L1, UP, SQUARE, O, R1 Infinite Fuel: Press L1, O, RIGHT, L1, O, R1, L1, UP, R1, DOWNAzure DreamsLife Replenish:Go to any corner and press Triangle + Circle repeatedly until your up to full power!Ballblazer ChampionsShrinking Rotofoil (happy face code), and Master Dome Level Select:Abbreviations: S = squareT = triangleO = circleX = easy to figure out!L1, L2, R1, R2 = see aboveShrinking Rotofoil:In the password screen enter:X O X X O XX X X X X XX X T T X XS X X X X SX S S S S X(Note: the code resembles a smiling face!!) To jump to the Master Dome stadium in the tournament, with the difficulty on Easy, and with 1 previous loss on your record, enter:O L1 L1 R1 R2 L2X S S R1 R2 R1R2 T L2 R1 L2 OL2 R2 R1 X L1 R2S L2 R1 X R1 R1BattlestationsLevel skip code.:Level SkipBegin game play in single player mode. Hold L1 + L2 + R1 + R2 + Select and press Start + X. Battle Arena Toshinden 3Secret characters and other tricks.:Random Select Hold L1 + L2 + R1 + R2 at the character select. Press Square, Triangle, X, or Circle while selection box is moving. Remove DisplayPause a fight. Hold Circle + Triangle + Square + X and press Select. This removes the continue, options and reset selections. While continuing to hold the four buttons, press Select again. This removes the Life and Over Drive bars. To return the display to normal, repeat the code while pressing Select once. Play as Sub-bossesBeat the game with each basic character at level three or higher to u nlock his or her sub-boss. Play as ShouUnlock all the sub-bosses, then beat the game with Vermilion at level three or higher. Play as AbelBeat the game with Shou at level seven. Play as VeilBeat the game with Abel at level seven. Play as NaruBeat the game with Veil at level seven. Alternate CostumesBeat the game with Naru at level seven. Use Square or X to select a character. Instant Secret MovesBeat the game with Naru, then set two or more of the shoulder buttons to special moves. Press all special move buttons at once to perform a secret move. Note that this does not work for all characters. Unlimited Soul BombsPress Start to pause a match. Use the controller configuration option to map the L1, L2, R1, and R2 keys to Soul Bombs. Resume game play and press one of the those buttons and X simultaneously to release a Soul Bomb. That button combination may be pressed an unlimited amount of times during the match. Manual Camera ControlEnter the button configuration menu, highlight any s houlder button, and press L1 + L2 + R1 + R2. The controls for the shoulder buttons will change to camera view controls. The view may now be rotated manually. Control Loading ScreenPress any controller button to alter the color of the phrase Now Loading. Beast WarsPick any level you want and destroy whos on it with these two great cheats.:Level skip:During play pause game then press and hold L2 while pressing Up, Down, Left, Right, Triangle, X, X, Triangle, Right, Left, Down, Up. Resume the game with L2 still held. Weapon power-up:During play pause game then press and hold L2 while pressing Up, Down, Left, Right, Triangle, X, and Square. Resume the game with L2 still held. Bio F.R.E.A.K.S. Fight Clonus and alternate View codes. :Fight Clonus OpponentHold Select while selecting an opponent at the character selection screen to fight against the Clonus version of that character, Alternate ViewHold L2 + R2 and press Away during a match. Hold L2 + R2 and press Down to return to normal view. Black DawnUnlimited access to the tools of death and destruction duty free!:Infinite Missiles 8005FCF0 0064Infinite Napalm8005FCF4 03E7Infinite Rockets8005FCF2 0064Infinite TAC8005FCF6 03E7Mission skip, max weapons, max fuel ammo, plus other cool codes:During gameplay press: Select, L2, Select, R2. Then enter any one of the codes below: (T = Triangle)Max Fuel Ammo T, T, T, O Cycle Gun Modes Select, Select, Select Screen Mode Toggle Down, R1, R2Max Weapons L1, L2, R1, R2 Summon Wingman S, S, S, O Mission Complete T, T, T, Down, Down, Down Upgrade Current Weapon L1, L1, R1, R1Blast ChamberBlow the competition away before the games begin by starting on the level of your choice!:NA EMMAAB MAGDIEAHNINKPDMEMJKKAMKCJODPIGEHICJPABNAInfinite lives, joy!:Legend: S= SquareC= CircleL= LeftR= RightD= DownU= UpAt the title screen press:S, L, S, R, C, D, C, U. Now enter the options menu and choose solo survivor. You now have infinite lives. BlastoSecret Babes View Option:If you manage to finish the game with all the babes rescued, go to start game and there is a new option view babes. I think you can figure out the rest Blazing DragonsGo straight to the final level:V?U5MK 4N6LUL OHW5CB BRAHMA Force: The Assault on Beltlogger 9Check out the hidden, secret, behind-the-scenes stuff!:First you must beat the game within two hours (with a memory card in the slot). Then wait till the game returns to the title screen. The words Press Start should be on the screen, so go ahead and press start. A new word, special, should appear on the screen. Highlight this and behold! A menu appears that features a stage select, a video and sound test, and more! Bravo Air RaceFaster planes, extra planes, and alternate colors.:Note: This game is also titled Reciproheat 5000. Turbo GeeBeeRapidly tap X at the Now Loading screen until the GeeBee aircraft flies to the top of the screen. The word Good!! will appear to confirm correct code entry. The GeeBee will now fly over 100 mph faster than normal during game play. Extra PlanesHold R1 + L2 and quickly press Select(20) on controller two at the title screen. A sound will confirm correct code entry. The F-16 and F-117A will be available on the plane selection screen. Alternate Plane ColorHold R2 + L1 while the game loads. Bubsy 3DCheat your way through the game!:Enter one of the following passwords at the load and save game screen. Note: Press Left + Start after enabling the Zoom cheat to move around the level. Effect Password Level select XMVLCHTMSB 99 lives XMUCHOLIFE Level select and 99 lives XALLDBUGCR All rocket parts XTOOROCKER Add coordinates to Paws screen XDBUGLOCNC Enable zoom cheat XZOOMERKB Change shape XURASNAKER Access bonus rounds XBNSCHTMMM Burning RoadThree sort-of hidden Tracks:At the beginning of any one of the tracks, its possible to turn around and race the track in the opposite direction. Bushido Bladecodes Bushido BladeUnlock Katze:If you beat Slash Mode on hard without continuing, Katze (the character with the gun) will become playable. Bust-A-Move 2 Arcade EditionExtra Levels, Different Characters, and more! :Extra LevelsWhen Press Start appears on the title screen, press R1, Up, L2, Down. If you entered the code correctly a small green wizard will appear in the lower right corner. Start a new game and the phrase Another World will appear in the lower left corner. Different Characters Start a puzzle game, then at the map screen, press Left twice, Up, Down, L1 + L2 + R1 + R2. Now a character select screen will appear. Press Left or Right to select a character and press X to continue. Note: Bub will appear on the map screen, but your new character will be in the game. Extra Credits In the option menu, press Left, Right, R1, R2, L2, L1, Up, Down. A 30-second timer will appear in the upper-right corner. Quickly highlight the Credit selection and repeatedly tap X or Circle to add up to 30 credits!If you need more credits check out this trick:Select the options menu, and press L, R, R1, R2, L2, L1, UP, DOWN. Highlight the word credits. You will have thirty seconds to hit the X button as fast as you can. The faster you hit X, the more credits you will have when your time is up. Access the hidden characters:Select puzzle game mode. When the map screen appears, press L, L, U, D, then press L1, L2, R1, R2 simultaneously. A secret character selection screen will now appear. Its a whole new place to be!:Once the game has loaded up, and the words Press Start are blinking onscreen, press R1,U, L2, D. Now, select the Puzzle Game mode and try out the new world. Buster Bros. CollectionUse this code to find hidden levels or to select regular ones.:Bonus levels (B uster Buddies)Press X on controllers one and two when selecting a normal game. Ten extra stages will be available for game play. Level select (Super Buster Brothers and Buster Buddies)Press Down + X when selecting a normal game. Cardinal SynYou dont have to beat the game to use all of the characters, just use this code!:Play as Bimorphia When Press Start appears at the opening screen, press Right(3), Down, Square. If you entered the code correctly, you will hear a sound. Play as Juni When Press Start appears at the opening screen, press Up, Left, Left, Up, Square. If you entered the code correctly, you will hear a sound. Play as Kahn When Press Start appears at the opening screen, press Up(2), Down(2), Triangle. If you entered the code correctly, you will hear a sound. Play as Moloch When Press Start appears at the opening screen, press Up, Right, Down, Left, Square. If you entered the code correctly, you will hear a sound. Play as Mongwan When Press Start appears at the opening screen, press Down(3), Up, Triangle. If you entered the code correctly, you will hear a sound. Play as Redemptor When Press Start appears at the opening screen, press Up, Down, Left, Right, Circle. If you entered the code correctly, you will hear a sound. Play as Stygian When Press Start appears at the opening screen, press Left, Right, Left, Right, Triangle. If you entered the code correctly, you will hear a sound. Play as Vodu When Press Start appears at the opening screen, press Left(3), Up, Circle. If you entered the code correctly, you will hear a sound. CasperHow to beat the ghosts:Fatso near kitchen: Feed him hamburgers Stinky: spray perfume on him Stretch: use glue Fatso in bathtub: use camera General Fatso: use wind up key then hammer the tanksFarmer Stinky: use hammer and chisel to carve the stone in Graveyard Stretch: Use twister morph to lure him into grave site Castlevania: Symphony of the NightGet more out of the game after you beat it!:To play as Richter Belmont beat the game 160% or higher and enter your name as RICHTER To start the game with AXE ARMOR beat the game and enter the name AXEARMORFor 99 luck with the Lapis Luzuli (which gives+20 luck) beat the game and enterthe Name X-X!VQFor a hard game beat the game and enter the name X-X!VNote: All the names need to be entered after you beat the game with 160% or higherand are entered as a new game not renaming a saveCode Name: TenkaSkip to the end:To skip a level, pause the game during play. Press and hold L2 while pressing this button sequence: Circle, Circle, Square, Tri angle, R1, Square, Triangle, Circle. Then release L2. Bring out the big guns!:To gain access to all of the guns, pause the game during play. Press and hold L1, and enter the following: Triangle, R1, Triangle, Square, R1, Circle, Square, Square. Then release L1. Colony WarsWeapons cheat, infinite energy, and more! :For Super-cooled Weapons enter this password at the password entry screen in the options menu: Tranquillex. For infinite energy enter: Hestas*RetortFor level skip enter: Commander*JefferFor infinite secondary weapons enter: Memo*X33RTYCommand ConquerAll you need to win, its that simple.:Ion Cannon:During play, pause the game and press Right, Down, Left, Left, Down, Right, Right, Down, Left, X, Square, Triangle. Press start to resume play and activate your code. View map:During play, pause the game and press Circle, Circle, Circle, Up, Circle, Square, R1, Circle, Circle, Circle. Press start to reveal the map. Nuke em:While playing, pause the game and press Right, Down, Lef t, Left, Down, Right, Right, Down, Left, X, Up, X. Press start to resume play and launch your attack. GDI levels revealed:2 04XFOOP3W 3 W3KIESA3O 4 A8OTO3WIW 5 W1N457LJ4 6 OLXRH5ZUS 7 OX3CS3D4G 8 036Y0TVNY 9 V199PXG5L 10 8PH1NEGII 11 GTJKF2J00 12 T0RMFVVM5 13 AQU7OQ65A 14 KV2UWMZJ9 15 GTJ2PV46O Get 5,000 instantly with a code:During play, pause the game and press Right, Down, Down, Left, L1, Left, Right, Down, Left. Press Start to resume play with an extra $5,000. Pick a level, any level!:To access a level within the NOD mission disk, enter the appropriate code: Level 2: C99FAXKW8Level 3: RZNLQZ3NLLevel 4: W1954XWLFLevel 5: W15DASRS8Level 6: 8PH1MR53WLevel 7: GTJKWOJDKLevel 8: YKK424K3DLevel 9: 874LCPUT4Level 10: A8SHPAHXWLevel 11: OX3UKOP94Level 12: QGDUMSK2JLevel 13: SZP09VDSBCommand Conquer: Red Alertcodes Command Conquer: Red AlertSkip to any stage:Enter at the password screen. Can You Recover Memories of Childhood Abuse EssayGibberish Mode:Hold down the Select button. Tap the following buttons quickly: Left, O, Up, Down, Down, Right, O, Square, Square. Now you should see the message Gibberish Mode Activated. This cheat makes Murray talk total gibberish. Bonus Track:Hold down the Select button. Tap the following buttons quickly: Left, O, O, Triangle, Triangle, O, Up, Right. Now you should see the message Bonus Track Activated. This will make the bonus track selectable just like the normal tracks. Bonus Track:To gain access to the Grand Champion Bonus Track you must finish first in both team and driver points in championship mode. Go into a single race then select the bonus track. FroggerSkip levels and get unlimited lives!:Level Select Pause the game during play and press R, S, T, S, T, R1, L1, R1, L1, O. Infinite Lives Pause the game during play and press R, S, T, S, T, X. G PoliceUnlimited shields, All weapons and unlimited ammo! :For unlimited shields:At the briefing screen press and hold L1+R2+Square then while still holding press Left on the D-pad. For all weapons and unlimited ammo:At the loadout screen(weapon select) press and hold L1+L2+R1+circle+triangle+square. Then while still holding press Left on the D-pad. Gex: Enter the GeckoGex made easy:Infinite lives: UNDEADInvincible: WEASELOne-Liners (Quotes): ALOUDRambling GEX: SENSELESSTo enter these codes press pause during the game then press and Hold L2 and R2. Then press the directions and buttons listed below that spell out the words above. For the letters U or N, push the up key. For the letters D or S, push the down key. For the letters L or W, push the left key. For the letters R or E, push the right key. For the letter, A, push the triangle button. For the letter, O, push the O button. For the letter, X push the X button. Gran TurismoGet money fast and easy:All you have to do is keep entering a race that you know that you can win and keep winning it! Then you can rack up more and more money!!!!! (You can also sell the car that you win as well!) Get back in the race faster after a mishap:If you are racing any fully tuned turbo type car and you spin out. It takes 10-15 seconds to get going again. Instead of watching the competition drive by while you try to get any revs and speed built up try this. When you spin out and come to a stop, hold the gas and the brake at the same time, the revs will build quickly and when you hit the redline release the brake and you take off like a shot. You save tons of time. A brief explanation of what is required to get extra car manufactures, the ending, and hi-fi mode.:After you get the four extra tracks you can beat the four with all classes and will get four extra car manufactures. Then if you beat all 8 tracks in normal mode in all classes you will see the ending. An d last if you beat all tracks in all classes you will be able to use hi-fi mode. Get 2000 dollars more for your car:If you sell a car sell it to the company it was made youll get paid $2,000 more than if you were to sell it to someone like Dodge or Chevy. Four more tracks!:In order to reveal an extra four tracks you need to win all three classes on the first four tracks. Grand Theft AutoInfinite Ammo, Unlock Cities, and More.:GROOVY: All weapons, infinite ammo, get out of jail key, armor. WEYHEY: 9999990 points (level complete)BLOWME: CoordinatesEATTHIS: Max for level of choiceFECK: Liberty city parts 1 and 2TVTAN: San Andreas and Liberty City parts 1 and 2URGE: All cities parts 1 and 2 except Vice City part 1CAPRICE: Level selectCHUFF: No policeTURF: All citiesCar Driver Presents: Grand Tour Racing 98Find the hidden medal for a secret!:Start a race in Hong Kong. Race until you encounter a dirt road, start to slow down a when you see the bridge. Drive across the bridge, and turn right. Head under the bridge and locate the gold medal this will grant you the secret car and track. Grid RunnerSometimes its faster to get flags when youre it:Instead of avoiding your opponent and taking twice as long to collect the flags, try allowing yourself to be it and chasing him down. Your opponent will stay near flags and after you tag him youll have time to run around and collect a couple more. HexenEvery Cheat :From the main game menu, select Options. From the options screen, selec t Pad Config. Once in the configuration menu, Hold down the R2 button and press Right, Down, Right, Triangle, X. You should then hear a sound to let you know the code was entered correctly. If you dont hear anything, try entering the code again. Once the code has been entered correctly, go back to the main menu. You will see a new option called Cheats. You will not be able to access this menu until you start the game. Start a game and hit the pause key. Select Cheats, and you will see various options to make gameplay easier, such as God mode, weapons, keys, etc. Set the cheats up as you like and then quit the cheats menu, then unpause your game. Cheats will now be activated. Hot Shots GolfPlay on the courses backwards!:Highlight a course at the course selection screen, then hold L1+L2 and press X. Happy sounds:Begin game play in multi-player mode. Press X, Triangle, Circle, or Square on the controller not currently in use to play various sounds. Get all of the people and places:Remo ve all memory cards from the PlayStation. Hold L1 + L2 + R1 + R2 on controller two when the screen flashes just before the Hot Shots logo appears during the opening sequence. Keep those buttons held, and press UP, UP, Down, UP, Left, Right, Right, Left, UP, UP, Down, UP, Left, Right, Right, Left on controller two while the Hot Shots logo is in motion. The sound of a wood driver will confirm correct code entry. Play Either Way:Highlight a golfer at the character selection screen, then hold L1 and press X. Impact RacingUnlimited ammo, all weapons available, last level skip, and bonus level:To get the desired effect, enter your chosen code on the password screen: loadsofstuff (unlimited ammo for weapons)all.tooledup (get all weapons) endgamelevel (last level)i.am.imortal (indestructible car)bonus.level (bonus level)Incredible Hulk: The Pantheon SagaSkip ahead or back. Your choice.:Level 2: 603EE0C530 Level 3: B08E0F0802Level 4: 000026B698Level 5: 40074DFF12Independence DayPlay any lev el, any time!:Go into the options menu and select the normal difficulty level. Then, without a memory card in the slot, select the load game option and enter any one of the following codes: Washington DBKMONew York GBKMXParis LLSMXMoscow NL9MXTokyo R39NFOahu T59MXLas Vegas Z99MZMothership 399MHJeremy McGrath Supercross 98Extra bikes, reversed tracks, and even more cheats!:Access the Yamaha YZ80 Complete the first race in first place under advanced mode. This will also enable you to race Jeremy one on one. Reversed Tracks Complete the season in first place. Automatic Saved Game LoadingEnter MCGRATH as the players name. Mirrored Tracks Complete the season in first place using the reversed tracks. Jet MotoCant get to all of the tracks? Now you can!:Go into the options menu and set the difficulty level to amateur. Then change the trophy presenter to male. Next, highlight the exit option and press X to return to the title screen. On the directional pad press Up, Right, Down, Left, Up, Right, Down, Left. Now press Left, then X, to enter the options screen. Change the difficulty to professional and change the trophy presenter to riders choice. Now move to the exit option and press X to go back to the title screen. Once here press Up, Left, Down, Right, Up, Left, Down, Right on the pad. Youll hear a sound if it worked. Go ahead and start to play. You will find that after choosing your rider and race type you are now able to select any track you want. Jet Moto 2Gain access to all of the tracks:Use the following steps to enable all tracks, including the alternate tracks. (this is hard to do) Set master difficulty and five laps per race at the options screen Press X on Lil Dave at the 1 player select screen, then go back to title screen. Press Up, Down, Left, Right, R2, R1, L2, L1 within four seconds at the title screen. Set three laps per race at the options screen. Then press X on Wild Ride at the 1 player select screen, then go back to title screen. Press Up, Left, Down, Right, Square, R2, Circle, L2 within four seconds at the title screen. Set amateur difficulty and turbos off at the options screen. Press X on Bomber at the 1 player select screen, then go back to title screen. Press Up, Down, Left, Right, Up, Down, Left, Right within four seconds at the title screen. Set professional difficulty and turbos on at the options screen. Press R2, R1, L1, L2, R2, R1, L1, L2 within four seconds at the title screen. Its an enigma!:Set master difficulty and 6 laps per race at the options screen. Press Left, Square, Down, Triangle, Right, Circle, L1, R1 within four seconds at the title screen. Secret modes and characters:If you beat Jet Moto 2 on the hardest difficulty setting a secret setting and character will be revealed. Everytime you earn a trophy with a character a secret opens up. Try to get a trophy with all of the characters to see all of the secrets. Jumping Flash! 2Super and Extra Modes:When you beat Jumping Flash 2 you have the opportunity to replay the game in Super Mode. In Super Mode you can Super Jump six levels of jumping by pressing the jump button each time you reach the full height of a jump. Finish the game in Super Mode, and you can play Extra Mode a higher level of difficulty. King Of Fighters 95Play as the boss characters:At the characters selection screen, select for Team Edit. Then, WHILE HOLDING , Press in this order:Up + Circle, Right + Square, Left + X, Down + Triangle. Legacy of KainBlood refill, Magic refill, and cinemas:During play simply push the buttons and directions listed for each code: Blood RefillUp, Right, Square, Circle, Up, Down, Right, LeftMagic RefillRight, Right, Square, Circle, Up, Down, Right, LeftAccess to all cinemas in the Dark DiaryLeft, Right, Square, Circle, Up, Down, Right, LeftLost World: Jurassic Park90 lives with any of the characters!:Enter these codes at the password screenCompy with 90 lives: x,x,o,t,s,x,s,x,o,s,t,sHunter with 90 lives: s,s,t,o,x,s,s,s,s,x,o,tRaptor with 90 lives: x,x,o,t,s,x,s,x,s,s,t,oT-Rex with 90 lives: x,x,o,t,s,s,s,x,t,s,t,sHuman prey with 90 lives: s,s,t,o,x,x,s,s,t,x,o,tDebug Menu: Enter this code three times in a row for it to work. The first two times it will say that the code is wrong. On the third try it will say it is correct. The code is: s,x,o,t,t,x,s,o,t,o,x,sKey: X=X O=O T=Triangle S=SquareEnter one of these codes at the password entry screen:To play as the Compy with twenty lives ente r: X, X, O, O, T, T, T, O, O, S, S, OTo play as the Human Hunter with twenty lives enter:S, S, T, T, O, O, T, T, S, X, X, TTo play as the Raptor with twenty lives enter:O, O, X, X, S, S, S, X, T, T, S, TTo play as the T-rex with twenty lives enter:T, T, S, S, X, S, T, S, X, O, O, OTo play as the Human Prey with twenty lives enter:O, O, X, X, S, X, T, X, X, T, T, TMachine HunterKill enemies with only one shot :Enter the following password at the password screen to make your bullets more powerful than you could possibly imagine. GRIMREAPER Madden NFL 97See all the cinemas and extra teams:To view all the cinematic sequences in Madden 97 press L1 and R1 together when you first turn on the game, until the cinematic screen comes up. Instead of going to the introduction, the game will go to a screen that says cinematic. To view them, just click on the screens at the bottom. At the user screen, enter TIBURON. Press X to accept this name, then press O to back out. At the team select screen, there should be 7 new teams for you to play. Madden 97 code at the exhibition screen press L2 and R2 until you get an otherwise hidden standout team. Marvel Super HeroesSecret characters:To play as Thanos beat the game once then select arcade mode. At the character select screen highlight Spider-Man then press up twice on the D-pad holding up the second time. While holding up quickly press and hold strong punch, then press and hold medium punch, and finally press and hold weak punch. If done correctly Thanos should be selected. To play as Dr. Doom beat the game once then select arcade mode. At the character select screen highlight Spider-Man then press down twice on the D-pad holding down the second time. While holding down quickly press and hold weak kick, then press and hold medium kick, then press and hold strong kick. You can let up on all of the buttons this should select Dr. Doom. MechWarrior 2Maintain proper speed:Simply enter this at the password screen #, A, X, 0, /, A, 4, Y, Y, AYou got the shells:Enter this at the password screen T, O, X, 0, /, A, X, , T, UPlay all the missions!:Simply enter this at the password screen T,
Friday, April 17, 2020
Life Sciences SIG: Gut Issues - Essay About Dietary Fibers ===================================================== GUT ISSUES Life Sciences SIG ----------------------------------------------------- We share many experiences with the kings of old: pastries, for instance, and home entertainment and vacation trips to far-off lands. Ancient-day common folk knew nothing of such things. Then again, they weren't constipated... We are. Not all of us, of course. But enough Canadians so that some doctors call our a constipated society. And even if you're not constipated, your present day diet may be leading you to more serious complaints like disorders of the large intestine or colon. These, too, were afflictions of of the upper classes of old. Why? Because in general the rich refined their food, along with their lives, and so stripped it of an odd but essential ingredient called dietary fibre. Like its fellow carbohydrates, the various types of dietary fibre are the product of sunlight, water and carbon dioxide combining in green plants. Most form part of plant cell walls. But unlike the other carbohydrates, fibres do not break down into sugars in the human digestive system and then course through the blood stream fueling muscles and nerves. Rather, when eaten they tumble intact through the stomach and small intestine and end up in the colon where billions of bacterial feed on them - in turn producing intestinal gas. No wonder, then, that dietary fibre has been unwelcome in many of history's nicer neighborhoods. Even 20th century doctors reasoned that since the bulky material provided not a single nutrient, it would only strain already troubled guts. Accordingly, they recommended low-fibre diets for patients suffering from hemorrhoids and other colon disorders often found in the West. But then, about 15 years ago, the prescription was reversed as researchers found that poor Africans, who eats lots of fibre, rarely suffer from such complaints. Fibre, the researchers learned, actually eases the bowel's burden by mixing with water and other food residues to create large, Soon, nutritionists came to see the low-fibre diet of most North Americans as a culprit in the onset of disorders ranging from tooth decay to heart attacks. Increasing the consumption of certain kinds of fibre, they found, could slow the body's absorption of sugars to which diabetics are sensitive, and of cholesterol, which may lead to heart disease. Furthermore, fibres fight obesity. They're filling, especially the pectins in citrus fruit and the gums in some beans. And they're mainly indigestible. So dieters eating lots of fibre are likely to eat less of other, more fattening foodstuffs. As for why populations on high-fibre diets seem to experience fewer colon cancers, no one knows for sure. In any case, there is no doubt that fibre is nature's laxative, the dietary key to regularity. Nutritionists therefore advise you to stay away from foods containing processed and refined ingredients such as bleached flour and white sugar. Remember that meats contain little fibre and that overcooked vegetables and fried foods have lost much of theirs. Nevertheless, fibre supplements are usually unnecessary. Merely ensure that your diet is full of fresh fruits and vegetables - and some of the most fibrous foods such as bran cereals, whole wheat breads, peas, beans and lentils - and you, too, can eat like an old-time pauper.
Friday, March 13, 2020
English Literature crossing boundaries in the Gothic Essays English Literature crossing boundaries in the Gothic Essay English Literature crossing boundaries in the Gothic Essay Essay Topic: Literature Much Gothic writing is preoccupied with the punishment of transgression. By comparing Frankenstein with at least one other Gothic work you have studied, discuss ways in which writers of the Gothic tradition explore the consequences of crossing boundaries From the outset, it is very pertinent to note the use of the word consequences in this question. Indeed, crossing boundaries can be perfectly benign and harmless. Also worth considering is the fact that crossing boundaries can either be treated in a geographical (and literal) sense simply a person or object moving from one designated area to another (e. . Waltons expedition to the Arctic) or, instead, as a personal crossing of a figurative boundary (e. g. the Creatures negative change in attitude towards the world). Let us first look at this point of emotional shifts. With regards to consequence Mary Shelleys Frankenstein (1831) offers a strong insight of the Creatures descent into malignity (this word is interestingly repeated throughout the text). The Creature crosses this theoretical introspective boundary essentially as a result of social exclusion. Yet, it is not simply emotional punishment for the Creature per se. Victor also feels the effects of the Creatures decline having provided the impetus behind his animosity and malignant mindset. Victor feels equally culpable for the deaths of those who are close to him Elizabeth, William, Justine, Henry etc. He symbolically aborts his Creature by effectively casting him aside. Victor giving life, of course, can obviously be linked to the idea that Victor succeeds in usurping the role of the mother (one might treat this as transgression to go beyond or overstep the limit1 of gender role). Furthermore, what this reciprocated punishment also offers us is support for the notion that the two characters are in fact the same person (it has frequently been suggested that the Creature maintains the role of a double or doppelgi nger to Victor). Bram Stokers Dracula (1897) as well offers fertile ground for this essay. The men of the novel do also cross a metaphorical emotional boundary in the final chapters of the text. It is a poignantly-governed change, essentially being brought upon them as a consequence of the horrific transformation (indeed transgression) of Lucy Westenra into an un-Dead. Of course, this is combined with an apparent requirement to put an end to Count Draculas malice regardless. This, then, leads us onto the notion of crossing literal geographical boundaries. The men are required to travel from West to East. This issue is touched on elsewhere in the Gothic the East effectively treated as barbarous, evil, uncivilised etc. in distinct contrast with its antithesis: the good, industrialised, sophisticated West. They venture to Transylvania in an exploit to finish off the Count once and for all. It is in fact successful (bar the death of Quincy Morris). These two examples do certainly outline how the two types of crossing literal/geographical and metaphorical/emotional are comparable. We may, however, look at one other issue; namely whether or not there is a distinction between heroic (and indeed prudent) crossings, and weak (imprudent) crossings. Victor Frankenstein is, on the whole, a weak character (who in turn makes a series of misjudgements). This form of characterisation may indeed be a device utilised by Shelley to rationalise the negative outcome of the novel. In contrast, the men of Dracula are gallant, heroic, level-headed etc. ho, compliant to this rule, ultimately generate a positive outcome. Turning back to Frankenstein, we might look at one of these cases of imprudence; namely both Victors and Waltons strive for knowledge (one mans life or death were but a small price to pay for the acquirement of knowledge which I sought). Samuel Taylor Coleridges Rime of the Ancient Mariner (1798) also concerns an ominous expedition, in a similar manner to Walton. They attempt to reach new heights; to essentially break the rules (the boundaries of mans extents) to transgress. This does, in fact, strike synonymy with the subject in the novels title (The Modern Prometheus). The Greek Titan, Prometheus, transgressed beyond an acceptable boundary steeling the secret of fire from the Gods. Interestingly enough, Prometheus punishment consisted of having a great eagle eat his liver every day whilst it continually replaced itself. The strife for knowledge and the Prometheus allegory can be linked with Victors crossing of a geographical boundary. Shelley presents him as moving away from the archetypal family life to proceed with his endeavours in the university town of Ingolstadt. This is, of course, where the Creature is created. One might say that the Creature and the consequences that arise from his creation are nothing more than a result of Victors crossing of the social boundary into the adventurous and hectic life of the Ingolstadt academic. Shelleys message, it would seem, is that were one to cross boundaries feebly without prudence or reason; or to transgress to punch above ones weight we would be indeed be punished as a consequence. Stokers Dracula, in turn, shows us how a prudent or gallant crossing can elicit a positive outcome. The nature of character entails the nature of consequence. Moving on, William Beckfords Vathek (1786) contains an interesting sequence in which the Princess Nouronihar ventures into an unknown region attracted by a glowing ball of light. Instead of punishment, however, Beckford offers us the juxtaposition of fear, uncertainty and uneasiness with a sense of grandeur and affluence. It is, nevertheless, a rather mysterious scene. Unbeknownst to what was about to come, the Princess overhears: For what monarch are these torched kindled, this bath prepared, and these habilments second voice answered, They are for the charming daughter of the emir Fakreddin Now, it is debatable whether or not we can consider this to be punishment. It is certainly weird and uncanny and would most definitely elicit a sense of uneasiness in Beckfords character. It is a very eccentric and bizarre outcome of a crossing; the reference to the Princess makes us contemplate that the most pertinent issue is not in fact her crossing of the literal geographic boundary, but instead a boundary from the knowing to unknowing. It is as though the Princess has forgotten aspects of her life like she has moved from a state of full consciousness to amnesia. Regardless of such interpretations, these strange storylines do certainly succeed in providing the Gothic with its enticing quality. To summarise, then, the range of consequences as a result of crossing boundaries, as well as interpretations of the intrinsic meaning of this, are far reaching. There are metaphorical, emotional crossings of boundaries, which may, or may not, be compatible with literal, geographical crossings. In addition, it would appear to be the case that the consequences positive or negative of such endeavours are seemingly contingent on the nature of said crossing whether it is heroic or feeble, prudent or imprudent. The scene from Vathek simply succeeds in demonstrating the ambiguity of the Gothic. The mysterious and strange manifestations of it demonstrate fully how the genre can both confuse and fascinate the reader.
Wednesday, February 26, 2020
Freedom from Want - Essay Example The white power had been innovative and persuasive, thus fighting its principles of racism and economic disempowerment of the African American required improvised and unrelenting tactics and strategies. What we currently refer to as the Civil Rights Movement was in an actual sense a struggle, or Ã¢â¬Å"a battleground between slavery and libertyÃ¢â¬ , for freedom and liberty by the African Americans, extending beyond the simple objectives of advocating for legal rights. Some of the actions involved in the fight for freedom ranged from mass action protests and boycotts to armed self-defense. Racial freedom was in the air, so was economic independence and security (Gresser 32). The African Americans were tired of enduring a physical, economic, and social setup enforced by the white supremacy in the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s policies. The political and social policies of Jim Crow of segregating public facilities ensured that all social amenities were unequal and different, form restrooms to gra vesites. Despite the Great Migration that brought around six million blacks into an industrial center in the Northern and Southern urban, the African Americans were still contained to domestic and retail works, and even those who found their way to industries were locked out of unions. The Second World War was a helping hand for the economy of the US to recover from the Great Depression of the late 1920s. Africans Americans were on the margins of prosperity, as the federal defendants had not desegregated the armed forces, jobs, and housing. The blacks were now in an unfamiliar position, between the European imperialism, American white supremacy, and Nazi racism. This led to protest by the blacks and a threat by the president of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters (BSCP) Philip Randolph to lead 100,000 people March on Washington Movement if industrial desegregation was not affected. President Franklin D. Roosevelt passed the Executive Order 8802 creating a Fair Employment Practic es Commission (FEPC), which triggered the postponement of the march.Ã Ã Ã